Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder FASD


There is no cure for fetal alcohol syndrome or other FASDs. But many things can help children reach their full potential, especially if the problem is found early. Abnormal facial features, including a smooth ridge between the nose and upper lip, a thin upper lip, and small eyes. However, several organizations devoted to FAS also use the advocacy model at a community practice level as well. As of 2002, there were 25 reports of autopsies on infants known to have FAS. The first was in 1973, on an infant who died shortly after birth.

  • The developing fetal nervous system appears particularly sensitive to ethanol toxicity.
  • Advances in neuroscience research, including novel preclinical studies, may help elucidate the relationship between PAE-induced brain dysfunction and the FASD phenotype and inform therapeutics and prevention292.
  • Adverse effects on the outcome of pregnancy, in addition to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, have been noted with chronic or heavy alcohol use.
  • Connections between alcohol and incubating embryos are made multiple times in the novel.
  • Without alcohol use, FAS doesn’t happen.

Increased cut-point of the TACER-3 screen reduces false positives without losing sensitivity in predicting risk alcohol drinking in pregnancy. Res. 38, 1401–1408 . Lo, J. O.

Health & Pregnancy Guide

Mena, M., Navarrete, P., Avila, P., Bedregal, P. & Berríos, X. Alcohol drinking in parents and its relation with intellectual score of their children. Rev. Med. Chile 121, 98–105 . McCormack, C. Prenatal alcohol consumption between conception and recognition of pregnancy.

  • Biobehav.
  • Diagnosing FASDs can be hard because there is no medical test, like a blood test, for these conditions.
  • The beginning of fetal development is the most important for the whole body, but organs like the brain continue to develop throughout pregnancy.
  • Treatment is highly individualized and can include occupational therapy, speech therapy, and cognitive behavioral therapy for patients who suffer from anxiety and/or depression.

The proposed framework attempts to harmonize IOM, 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, CDC, and Canadian guidelines for measuring CNS damage vis-à-vis FASD evaluations and diagnosis. The standardized approach is referred to as the Ten Brain Domains and encompasses aspects of all four diagnostic systems’ recommendations for assessing CNS damage due to prenatal alcohol exposure. Impairment of facial features, the heart and other organs, including the bones, and the central nervous system may occur as a result of drinking alcohol during the first trimester. That’s when these parts of the fetus are in key stages of development.

What do I do if I did not know I was pregnant and have been drinking?

Further understanding of the pathophysiology underpinning the teratogenic and neurotoxic effects of PAE is required to inform prevention and management. Moreover, novel diagnostic tools and treatments must be rigorously tested, and new approaches are needed to reduce stigma, improve the QOL of people with FASD and prevent FASD in future generations. In the absence of a ‘gold standard’ for diagnosis of FASD, no diagnostic system may be considered superior. Each system has advantages and disadvantages, including its use in clinical and community settings and the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic criteria.

fetal alcohol syndrome

Consult a doctor for a diagnosis. The treatment program and outcomes with respect to the child with FAS must be monitored carefully. Weeks, O. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder predisposes to metabolic abnormalities in adulthood. 130, 2252–2269 . Doi, L., Jepson, R.

Diagnosis and Tests

Locate an AA program near you by visiting There is no kind of alcohol during pregnancy that is risk-free. There is no safe type of alcoholic beverage to consume while fetal alcohol syndrome pregnant. For example, red wine is no safer than white wine, beer, or mixed drinks, since all contain alcohol. No, a father’s use of alcohol cannot lead to FASDs.